Basic Arabic Words & Phrases for Beginners

Whether you’d like to acquire some basic knowledge or actually become fluent, the first step will be the same. Start by learning some basic Arabic words and phrases! That’s not only more fun than memorizing grammar rules, but it will also help you to start speaking faster.

In this article, I’m going to introduce you to some of the most common basic words in Arabic and their meanings in English. By the way, if you’d like to learn more than just a few basic Arabic words, you should definitely learn the Arabic alphabet. Being able to read the Arabic alphabet will make your learning much easier. Be sure to check out my Arabic alphabet chart. I’ve also compiled some useful language learning tips specifically for the Arabic language.

Ready to learn some basic Arabic words? Yallah, let’s dive right in.

Basic Arabic Words and Phrases

Top 10 Basic Arabic Words

Below are the most basic Arabic words to start with. They are quite short and easy to remember and will be really useful in everyday life.

I’m using spoken Arabic (Levantine Arabic), which is spoken in the Middle East, such as Jordan or Lebanon. Many of these words are used and understood across most Arabic dialects.

If you’d like to learn more about a specific word and how to use it correctly, check out the further readings linked below each table.

EnglishArabic (Latin Script)Arabic (Arabic Script)
Yesna’amنعم
Nolaلا
Thank youshukranشكراً
You’re welcomeafwaanعفواً
Please (when giving something)tafaddalتفضل
Please (when asking for something)min fadlakمن فضلك
Let’s (…), come onyallahيلا,
Stop, enough, onlybasبس
Excuse melaw samahtلو سمحت
Okay, goodtayyebطيب

To make sure you use these words correctly, I recommend that you check out my articles on thank you in Arabic, yallah and yes in Arabic.

Greetings in Arabic

Greetings are quite an important part of Arab culture. In fact, not greeting when you enter a place might be considered rude (depending on the situation, of course). There are countless ways to greet someone in Arabic. Which greeting to use depends on the time of the day and the occasion. Besides, a person’s age and your relationship with them play a role. Same as in English, you won’t talk to an elderly in the same way as you talk to your friends.

EnglishArabic (Latin Script)Arabic (Arabic Script)
Hi / helloahlanأهلا
Hellomarhabaمرحبا
Good morningsabah al kheirصباح الخير
Good eveningmasaa al khairمساء الخير
Good nightlayla saidaليلة سعيدة
Peace be upon youas salamu aleikumالسلام عليكم
Byesalamسلام
Good byema’a salamaمع السلامة

If you’d like to learn more about the greetings and when to use them, check out my articles on Arabic greetings and how to say goodbye in Arabic.

Introduce Yourself in Arabic

While some aspects of the Arabic language might be complex, introducing yourself in Arabic is much easier than you probably think. That’s mainly because the verb “to be” doesn’t exist in Arabic. You’ll just say ismi (which means “my name”), followed by your name. For example: ismi Kitty (my name is Kitty). Below are some basic Arabic words and expressions you can use to introduce yourself.

EnglishArabic (Latin Script)Arabic (Arabic Script)
Nameismاسم
What’s your name? (to a man)shu ismak? شو اسمك؟
What’s your name? (to a woman)shu ismek?شو اسمك؟
My name isismiانا اسم
Nice to meet youtasharrafnaتشرفنا
Where are you from? (to a man)min ween enta?من وين انت؟
Where are you from? (to a woman)min ween enti?من وين انت؟
I’m from the US (America)ana min amrikaأنا من امريكا
I’m from Jordanana min al urdunانا من الأردن
I’m 30 years oldomri talateen sanaعمري ثلاثون سنة

Arabic Love Words

Love is a beautiful feeling and truly worth expressing. Not only is Arabic a very romantic language, but culture also plays an important role when it comes to love. Most Arabs love to express their feelings. For this reason, there are countless ways to express love and affection, whether it’s for your partner, a dear friend, or a family member. There are hardly any Arabs who don’t use these beautiful words on a daily basis.

EnglishArabic (Latin Script)Arabic (Arabic Script)
I love you (to a man)ana bahebakانا بحبك
I love you (to a woman)ana bahebekانا بحبك
Darling / My love (to a man)habibiحبيبي
Darling / My love (to a woman) habibtiحبيبتي
I miss you (to a man)eshta’tellakاشتقتلك
I miss you (to a women)eshta’tellekاشتقتلك

Want to learn more Arabic love words? Read more about the meaning of habibi (and when to use it) and how to say I love you or I miss you in Arabic.

Family in Arabic

Family is a significant aspect of Arab culture. It’s very common for people to have a strong bond with their parents and siblings, even long after reaching adulthood. Regardless of age, parents tend to be more involved in their children’s lives compared to Western cultures. Given the importance of family in Arab culture, learning the Arabic names of family members is certainly essential among basic Arabic words to learn.

EnglishArabic (Latin Script)Arabic (Arabic Script)
Familyailehعيلِةِ
Fatherabuأَبو
Motheremاِم
Sonibnاِبِن
Daughterbentبِنت
Brotherakhuأَخو
Sisterokhtأُخت

I’ve compiled a list of all family members (including the extended family) and a few beautiful Arabic sayings in my article family in Arabic.

Basic Numbers in Arabic

Numbers are a part of our daily lives. Whether we want to tell the time, ask for the price of an item, or count something, numbers play an important role in language. Arabic uses a different script than English, which applies not only to letters but also to numbers. Below are the Arabic numbers 1-10.

NumberArabic
Number
Pronunciation
(Latin Script)
Arabic Number
in Words
1١wahadواحد
2٢tneenإثنان
3٣talatehثلاثة
4٤arba’ahأربعة
5٥khamsehخمسة
6٦setehستة
7٧saba’aسبعة
8٨tamanyehثمانية
9٩tesa’aتسعة
10١٠a’sharaعشرة

The good news is that once you know how to write the numbers one to ten in Arabic, you’ll be able to write any number. What remains is learning the pronunciation of those numbers. Arabic has a few particularities when it comes to numbers. Be sure to check out my full article where I explain Arabic numbers in detail and how to write, pronounce and use them.

Learn Arabic with me!

Looking for more than just some basic Arabic words? Or are you interested in Arab culture? You’ve come to the right place! This blog is about all things Middle Eastern. You’ll find plenty of useful articles here to immerse yourself in the Arabic language, culture and cuisine.

Be sure to check out my guide on what Arabic dialect to learn, my handy Arabic alphabet chart or just browse my Arabic language learning resources.

Any questions or feedback? Leave me a comment in the comment section down the page. I’d love to hear from you!

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