The days of the week are among the basic vocabulary of anyone learning a new language. Luckily, the names of the days of the week in Arabic are logical which makes them very easy to remember.

I’ll show you how to write and pronounce them correctly, followed by a few examples.

5 Basic Rules on the Arabic Week

Before we look at the Arabic days of the week, let me introduce you to a few simple rules. You’ll not only find these across the Middle East, but also in other Islamic countries.

  1. Unlike in most Western countries, the Arabic week starts on Sunday (not on Monday).
  2. Islamic holidays, such as Ramadan, are based on the Islamic lunar calendar. The latest is different from the Gregorian calendar which is used in most parts of the world. However, the Arabic week also has 7 days. The seven-day-week originated as early as the 4th century A.D.
  3. In many languages (like English), days of the week start with a capital letter. Note that the Arabic alphabet doesn’t make a difference between uppercase and lowercase letters.
  4. Friday is considered the holy day of the week, similar to Sunday in Western countries. Muslims attend the Friday prayer at the mosque in the early afternoon.
  5. In most Middle Eastern countries like Jordan, shops are open 7/7 days. Governmental institutions, embassies and banks are closed on Fridays and Saturdays, the Islamic weekend.

Arabic Days of the Week

Below is an overview of the days of the week in Arabic. As mentioned above, the Arabic week starts on Sunday. The Latin script can help you with the correct pronunciation if you can’t read Arabic.

Learning the Arabic alphabet will greatly help you with the correct pronunciation of Arabic words.

English EquivalentArabic (Latin Script)Arabic (Arabic Script)
Sundayel ahadالأحد
Mondayel ethneenالأثنين
Tuesdayel thulathaالثلاثاء
Wednesdayel arbe’aالأربعاء
Thursdayel khameesالخميس
Fridayel jouma’aالجمعة
Saturdayel sabetالسبت

Examples

The rules on prepositions and plural of the days of the week are much less complex in Arabic compared to English.

English EquivalentArabic (Latin Script)Arabic (Arabic Script)
The Arabic week starts on Sundayel osbou’ el arabi bebalish youm el ahadالأسبوع العربي ببلش يوم الأح
I go to the gym on Tuesdays (every Tuesday)ana barouh a’al nadi kol thulathaانا بروح عل نادي كل ثلاثاء
Wednesday is my favorite day of the weekyoum el arbe’a howa youmi el mufadalيوم الأربعاء هو يومي المفضل

You might also enjoy: